History & Education

  • African American Influence

    The Emancipation Proclamation, which was signed in 1863, officially freed enslaved African-Americans in the United States. However, much of the United States was not in Union control at the time,...

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  • Blacksmith

    The blacksmith was an important part of the early rural Florida pioneer settlement. There was usually one blacksmith shop in each settlement. The blacksmith had the responsibility of making many...

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  • Butter Making

    A happy cow, fed grain and put to pasture, will produce enough milk for drinking, cooking and butter making. All utensils necessary for dairy work should be spotlessly clean in order to maintain the...

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  • Candle Making

    Hand-dipping candles has a long tradition for rural families, who had no other source of light once the sun had gone down. Candles were used to allow working and socializing after dark -- for...

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  • Cooking

    A Florida pioneer woman spent a large part of her day in the kitchen cooking and baking for her family. She spent hours over a wood burning stove or fireplace creating delicious meals. Most families grew...

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  • Cowman

    “The crack of the buckskin whips, the squeak of the saddle leather, the lowing cattle, and the strong, rich odor of camp coffee set his senses stirring. It was the kind of life that appealed to most men...

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  • Crops and Garden

    Florida pioneers had to provide for themselves and produce most of their own daily necessities. The quality of their life depended on the time they spent working on the farm. They worked in their...

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  • Croxton Family Christmas Celebration, Rochelle FL. 1892

    Christmas was a time to gather the family and enjoy the festivities of the season. The Croxton family above is shown gathering to enjoy a Christmas meal. Serenading was another country gathering...

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  • Educational Downloads

    Activity Books Cracker Country activity books are a popular pre-tour activity for elementary schools. Please feel free to download and copy these books for use with your students.  However, please...

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  • Electronic Field Trips

    Cracker Country is now offering the Electronic Field Trip (EFT) program based on 1890s rural Florida history. The museum hosts field trips for local elementary school children, but the EFT program...

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  • Florida Crackers

    Florida's pioneers came to this state with only the customs and traditions of their past homes and the dream of a new beginning in Florida. The daily life of these early Florida settlers was very...

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  • Freedmen's Bureau

    Dinner hour on the docks, Jacksonville, Florida, rc05287. Florida Memory. State Archives of Florida. The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, or the Freedmen’s Bureau, was created by...

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  • Haya Parlor Decorated for Christmas, Tampa FL. 1895

      In the Haya Family Parlor that you see in the above photograph, you may notice all the wonderful presents that the Haya children received in their Hyde Park Home (Tampa, Fl.) in 1895. This year the...

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  • Historic African-American Towns

    Bealsville, FL Bealsville is a historic African American town, located south of modern-day Plant City. After being given their freedom at the close of the Civil War, a group of African-American...

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  • Home Life

    The home of a pioneer family was a place where families could come together to enjoy each other's company. Home life was built on the relationships of the family members. Each evening, the family...

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